Trees are the best friends of ours. We get fruits, paper, wood, and many more things from trees. Therefore, the importance of forests in our daily life is a lot.
Besides, the items that we need daily such as medicines, cosmetics, and detergents come from the trees. So now you can understand the importance of forests.
Isn’t it? Not only the environment but also on nature like in biodiversity and livelihood for humans, the forest plays an important role.
Importance of Forest | All Types in the World
Usually, every forest has three types of necessary functions such as protective function, productive function, and accessory function. The productive function defines that we get a variety of materials of human livelihood from the forest resources. It is the first function that can be considered while talking about the importance of forest.
However, the importance of forest will increase more when the forest will offer other functions like protective and accessory functions. According to the protective function, the function of the tree is to protect us from climate issues, soil conservation, drought, and cyclone mitigation. In this case, the forest works as an ecological support system. Besides, the importance of forest is also seen in recreation, aesthetics, wildlife conservation.
Importance of Forest for Environment
We can’t underestimate the importance of the forest as we can see its impact everywhere. With the help of the forests, humans get watershed protection. Besides, it also provides timber and non-timber products.
Forests also assist to prevent soil erosion and maintain the water cycle. Trees and forests protect us from global warming by using carbon dioxide in photosynthesis that is a major importance of forest.
Importance of Forest for Economy
The importance of forests also takes place for the economic development of a country. The trees offer watershed protection. We get many goods that are used as raw materials for many industries.
The forests are very vital for our life. They are essential for the global economy as well. It is the resource of timber, fuel, rubber, paper, and medicinal plants which is the importance of forest.
Types of Forest in the World
Moist tropical: Moist tropical forest is divided into the tropical and subtropical moist forest. It is such a habitat type that is known as Jungle.
The level of rainfall is greater than 200 cm. Here is mostly seen evergreen and semi-evergreen deciduous tree species.
- Wet evergreen: Jack fruit, betel nut palm, mango, hillock, are some trees that you can see here.
- Semi-evergreen: This forest is seen in the western ghats, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
- Moist deciduous: The trees that are seen here are Mango, bamboo, rosewood, sal, etc.
- Littoral and swamp: The delta area of Ganga and Brahmbhaputra, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, are the places where this forest can be seen.
Montane subtropical: Assam, Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh are the places where you can see the montane subtropical forest. Besides, you can see this forest in the Western Ghats.
- Broad-leaved: This forest is found in the eastern Himalayas and western ghats.
- Pine: Chir, Oak, Rhododendron, and mainly Pine is the attractive tree species in the pine forest.
- Dry evergreen: You get to see this forest in the foothills of the Himalayas and the Shivalik hills.
Dry tropical: Dry Tropical trees are divided into tropical and Subtropical Dry Forests. This forest is seen in southern Mexico, southeastern Africa, central India, Indochina, Madagascar, New Caledonia, and along the coasts of Ecuador and Peru.
- Dry deciduous: This forest is mostly seen in the northern parts of the country.
- Thorn: The trees of this forest grows up to 10 meters.
- Dry evergreen: You can see this forest in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
Montane temperate forests: The height of the trees is 1800m to 3000m. The annual rainfall is 150cm to 300cm. The annual temperature is approx 11-14°C.
- Wet: This forest is usually seen in the north and south part of India.
- Moist: A big variation of broad-leaved trees, ferns, and bamboo are seen here.
- Dry: You can see it in Lahul, Kinnaur, Sikkim, and other Himalayan parts.
Subalpine: It is famous for its heavy rainfall and high humidity. Red fir, black juniper, birch, and larch are the trees that grow in this forest. It is situated taking area from Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh.
Alpine: The alpine trees grow in an alpine climate. The height of the trees is usually 2900m to 3500m. Some alpine trees are known as medical trees.
- Moist: The moist alpine forest has seen the hill areas of the Himalayas and near the Myanmar border.
- Dry: The usual growth of the trees of this forest is 3900 meter to 4900 meter
Forest Resources and their Importance
By maintaining the proper balance in temperature, forests help in increasing the oxygen level. As forests are the reservers of tress, they play a vital role in terms of oxygen level increment in the atmosphere.
Forests prevent soil erosion and absorb the elements that created pollution. By doing this forests improve the water quality.
As forests denote plenty of trees, that means you can get a wide range of bioactive compounds that can cure a few diseases.
Forest is the source of renewable energy. It indicates to the biofuel.
The production of rubber helps to maintain biodiversity. As well as it decreases the outflow of excessive CO2 because of deforestation.
Stop Soil Erosion
Forests play a vital role in terms of preventing soil erosion.
List of Famous Forest in the world and their Area
|Forest||Area (in square miles)|
|Amazon forest in South America||2,300,000 square miles|
|Boreal forest in Canada||1621629.066 square miles|
|East Siberian Taiga in Siberia||1505798.418 Square miles|
|Tropical Rainforest in Congo||687261.8422 square miles|
|Tropical Rainforest in New Guinea||210425.676 square miles|
|The Burmese Tropical Rainforest in the Asian Mayanmar||89961.8029 square miles|
|The Primorye forest in the South-east of Russia||50193.2806 Square miles|