Effects of plastic on the environment-: Nowadays, the use of plastic is increasing rapidly. From soda bottles, grocery bags, to other plastic materials, we can see a massive use of plastic daily. Therefore, we can see a significant Effects of plastic on the environment

Most plastics consist of materials like petrochemicals. The most vital drawback of the effects of plastic on the environment is that it can cause litter and Pollution. Therefore, human beings can face a few difficulties due to the harmful effects of plastic on the environment. 

Effects of Plastic on the Environment | Causes of Plastic Pollution

Those materials that don’t break down easily can have long-term harmful effects on plants, animals, and people. Here, we have given five effects of plastic on the environment. 

  1. Negative Effects on Human Health

According to the research, scientists have found about 114 marine species that contain microplastics. BPAs remain in most plastic items that come in direct contact with food and metabolize in the liver.

It is one of the most negative effects of plastic on the environment, especially on human health. It can create Bisphenol A in the human body.

  1. The food Chain gets imbalanced 

Usually, the size of the plastic can be small or large. These can affect the smallest organisms like plankton also.

As soon as the organisms get poisoned due to plastic ingestion, it causes issues for animal life.

  1. Groundwater Pollution

The worst effects of plastic on the environment is that it can pollute the groundwater. Usually, most of the pollution can be seen in the oceans. Therefore, the lives of sea animals also get affected.

  1. Land Pollution

We can see plastics dumped in landfills that further interacts with water and forms harmful chemicals. As soon as these harmful chemicals go deep into the ground, it will degrade the water quality.

We can see plastics get stuck in the land surfaces. It is the most detrimental effects of plastic on the environment.

  1. Air Pollution

Many times, you can see that people are burning plastic debris to reduce wastes. But it causes air pollution due to the release of poisonous chemicals. It can cause the harmful effects of plastic on the environment. 

Causes of Plastic Pollution

  1. Plain Old Trash

People use milk cartons, water bottles. And after using these, they throw it here and there. Therefore, it will increase the harmful effects of plastic on the environment.

  1. Overused

Getting plastic at cheap rates is also one of the major reasons for plastic Pollution. People nowadays use plastics at huge rates. And the demand for plastics is getting increased for urbanization and population growth.

  1. Takes a lot of time to get decomposed

The chemical bonds that the plastics contain are very powerful and long-lasting. Usually, it takes time to decompose from 500 to 600 years. But it depends on the type of plastics.

  1. Fishing Nets

People use plastic nets to catch fishes in the river, ocean, and many places. Therefore, it increases plastic Pollution.

  1. Disposing of Plastic and Garbage

When we keep the wastes in one place for many years, the pollutants gradually enter into the land that causes plastic pollution.

  1. Nature Caused

Wind also causes plastic Pollution by carrying the wastes and transporting them from one place to another. Sometimes, the plastic materials are carried away by the rains into sewers, streams, and rivers.

Types of Plastic Pollution

These are several types of plastics because of which it may cause different types of plastic Pollution.

  • 1) Polyethylene Terephthalate (PETE)
  • 2) High-Density Polyethylene (HDPE)
  • 3) Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC – U)
  • 5) Polypropylene (PP)
  • 6) Polystyrene or Styrofoam (PS)
Recycle of Plastic How it Works
Recycle of Plastic How it Works | Effects of plastic on the environment


Recycle of Plastic How it Works

If we want to keep our human being protected and safe, therefore it becomes vital for us to recycle plastics.

Steps to Recycle Plastic

We can reduce the amount of plastic Pollution by manufacturing new plastic products. Here, we have given six steps that will let you know how the recycling of plastic works.

Step 1: Collection of Waste Plastic

First, what we need to do is to collect the wastes from all sides that we can see in our respective areas. It may seem like easy work, although it isn’t. For this, we need to keep recycling bins in nearby offices, schools, colleges, public locations, residential areas, and industrial zones.

Step 2: Sorting of Plastics into Categories

As soon as we have collected the plastics, we need to sort them into different categories. You can differentiate it according to size, color, thickness, and use.

Step 3: Washing to Remove Impurities

Then, you need to take the help of the recyclers to wash those plastic materials in terms of removing impurities. Besides, glue and additional chemicals can also be removed with the help of this. Effects of plastic on the environment

Step 4: Shredding and Resizing

As soon as we have done the washing process, we need to shred and resize it. People use this method to reduce the plastic into fragments.

Step 5: Identification and Separation of Plastics

When you have resized the plastics, you need to identify those. And then you need to separate plastic materials. In this process, you need to test every plastic item.

Step 6: Compounding

It is the final step in recycling plastics. Here, the plastic particles are transformed into materials that manufacturers can reproduce.

Which Country Recycles the Most Plastic

In recent times, Switzerland is playing a leading role with the highest rate of recycling plastics. However, here we have given a list of a few countries by following which you can know their recycling rates.

Country Recycling Rate
Austria 63%
Germany 62%
Taiwan 60%
Singapore 59%
South Korea 49%
The United Kingdom 39%
Italy 36%
France 35%
The United States 34%


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